Spatial information on global banana production systems

Click to view the map» Click to edit the map»

Source Image: Musarama

Aim of the mapper

Bananas are an important source of food and income for millions of peoples. Access to reliable data on banana production systems is needed for effective planning and setting of priorities in research and economic development. This web mapping application aims to collect, to make available and to share spatial information on global banana production in a single centralized database.

Read about history »


The website is maintained by Bioversity International. If you would like editing rights, help on the functionality of this website or have any other question please send an e-mail to

Functions of the mapper

See the screenshot below for an example of the mapper. 1) is the geographic view of the mapper. 2) is a pop-up window of the feature info of a banana production area (in this case the Southern Zone in India), 3) shows the characteristics of the selected production system (in this case the Southern Zone in India), 4) is the icon bar with tools available on the map layers, 5) map layers pannel of layers currently in the mapper, 6) legend of the selected 'Overlays' in map layers pannel, 7) search pannel allowing user to search within the banana systems and download or display results on the map.

How does the mapper work

To collect more data on banana production systems and improve the quality of this data an interactive mapping tool was created. With this tool registered users can edit (correct) the spatial boundaries of the production areas and the characteristics of the production systems (associated with the areas). They can also create new ones are remove (incorrect) ones. Any change is instantly published and visible to any new visitor of the website. Anonymous users can browse the data that is available and they can export the data to their own computer.

Database information

The mapping system consists of a database on banana production areas and systems, where an area can have multiple production systems, highlighting the diversity within the areas. This system allows users to look at the data and when authorized edit it. Basically the website lets a web browser take on the role of a GIS program.

The database contains general information for each production areas like the name of the area, country and region name where it is located. Each production system on each production area can contain the following information:

Production Technology Pest and Disease
  • Cultivar type
  • Cultivar name
  • Crop association
  • Other Musa cultivars
  • Area in production (ha)
  • Production per hectare
  • Production in total area (tons)
  • Musa density (mats/ha)
  • Primary use of Musa
  • Tendency in production area in past 5 years
  • Tendency in yield in past 5 years
  • Use of purchased units
  • Use of irrigation
  • Chemical fertilizer (kg/ha/yr)
  • Organic fertilizer (kg/ha/yr)
  • Use of herbicides
  • Use of fungicides
  • Use of nematicides
  • Use of insecticides
  • Importance of Pratylenchus goodeyi
  • Importance of Pratylenchus coffeae
  • Importance of Radopholus similis
  • Importance of Meloidogyne spp.
  • Importance of Helicotylenchus multicinctus
  • Importance of Moko/Bugtok
  • Importance of BXW
  • Importance of Blood Disease
  • Importance of Erwinia
  • Other bacterial diseases
  • Impact of other bacterial diseases
  • Importance of stem weevils
  • Importance of stem weevils
  • Importance of black leaf streak
  • Importance of yellow sigatoka
  • Name of other leaf diseases
  • Impact of other leaf diseases
  • Impact of eumusae leaf disease
  • Importance of Fusarium Race 1
  • Importance of Fusarium Race 2
  • Importance of Fusarium Race 4
  • Importance of Fusarium Subtropical Race 4
  • Name of other fungal diseases
  • Importance of other fungal diseases
  • Importance of BBTV
  • Importance of BSV
  • Name of other virus
  • Impact of other virus


The project was initiated at the International Conference on Banana and Plantain in Africa, held in Mombasa, Kenya in 2008. Here the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture together with Bioversity International made an effort to define and characterize the spatial extent of global banana production areas. A mapping exercise was launched for the many banana experts from Sub Saharan African countries. The experts were given a map of their country and asked to mark the main banana growing areas. Each unique area should be similar in terms of agro climate, banana type and production technology. The main characteristics of the respective areas were entered (e.g. main cultivar type, production technology information and presence of pests and diseases). Representatives of 10 countries submitted banana information about their country, which was entered into a Geographic Information System. The banana database was born. In the period that followed, more country experts submitted data per e-mail. In the same year the first prototype of the web interface was developed. In 2012 the web mapping tool was further developed and functionality making editing and searching the database was made more user-friendly. Currently the database is managed and maintained by the Bioversity International.

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